Dementia is one of the most common ailments among seniors
Dementia is a medical ailment that involves cognitive deterioration. It is very common among seniors, and every individual will suffer from some degree of dementia sooner or later in his or her life. This is a medical condition that affects large parts of the population and it is important to recognize the signs and administer proper treatment and care.
What you should know about dementia:
- Symptoms: Dementia is a general name for deterioration of cognitive functions. It can stem from different causes; therefore, symptoms can vary from one individual to the next. The most common symptoms are disorientation and loss of memory, especially short term, i.e., new memories. In addition to cognitive difficulties, some individuals exhibit some loss of motor skills, especially fine motor skills, difficulty to speak, loss of balance, mood swings and changes in behavior.
- Reasons: Dementia can develop for many reasons, and we will mention the main ones. First of all, over the years, brain activity decreases and brain cells die. This causes gradual dementia. In addition, 50% of people over the age 85 suffer from Alzheimer, caused in part by the decrease in brain matter as a result of exposure to contaminants, which also cause dementia. Finally, strokes of different kinds, even those that go unnoticed, cause irreparable damage to the brain, affect cognitive functions and can lead to dementia.
- Treatment: As dementia is the result of irreparable damage to the brain, there is no effective treatment. Nevertheless, taking medication for the ailments causing the condition can slow down development of dementia, enhance quality of life and prolong life expectancy.
- Rate of deterioration: The rate that cognitive functions deteriorate varies from one individual to the next, and depends on the factors that are causing dementia, treatment, lifestyle and more. Therefore, it is very important to consult a doctor and seek treatment that can slow down the deterioration process.
- Prevention: One cannot avoid dementia altogether, but there are ways of reducing the symptoms. Normal blood pressure levels can reduce the risk of stroke and damage as a result of lack of oxygen to the brain tissue. In addition, taking medication for motor neuron diseases such as Parkinson’s reduces the damage caused by these ailments to brain tissue and slows down the progress of dementia.
Dementia is a common medical condition and it is important to know about it and treat it accordingly.
Coping with dementia is part of growing old, and most people will suffer from dementia at one time or another of their lives. Therefore, it is important to recognize the symptoms and know how to cope with the disease, so that quality of life can be maintained as much as possible.